Cookie Notice

This cookie notice is for visitors to our websites, apps and other digital platforms. It sets out how we use cookies.

Youtube cookies
Our Youtube videos have privacy-enhanced mode enabled: therefore YouTube won’t store
information about our visitors, unless they play the video, according to the Google-Youtube guide: .
Google Analytics
In order to detect and optimize the site traffic we use anonimyzed Google Analytics, that avoids
visitors’ profilation.
See for more information.
Google Translate cookies
Google Translate sets two third party technical cookies:
 googtrans
This cookie stores the translation preference: it contains translation languages, for example
‘/en/it (English to Italian)’, and expires when you close your browser
The PREF cookie remembers basic preferences, such as choice of language, format of search
results, how to display information, … : so the visitor don’t need to set preferences each time he
use the site.
PREF expires in 2 years and its structure looks like this example:
ID = a browser identifier; TM = a timestamp of when the cookie was created; LM = a timestamp
of when the browser preferences were last changed; S = a digital signature generated by
Google which works in combination with page address settings (e.g. in the Google books site it
is used to only show a few pages of the book)


What are cookies?

For almost any modern website to work properly, it needs to collect certain basic information on its users. To do this, a site will create files known as cookies – which are small text files – on its users’ computers. These cookies are designed to allow the website to recognise its users on subsequent visits, or to authorise other designated websites to recognise these users for a particular purpose.

Cookies do a lot of different jobs which make your experience of the Internet much smoother and more interactive. For instance, they are used to remember your preferences on sites you visit often, to remember your user ID and the contents of your shopping baskets, and to help you navigate between pages more efficiently. They also help ensure that the advertisements that you see online are more relevant to you and your interests. Some data collected is designed to detect browsing patterns and approximate geographical location to improve user experience.

Some websites may also contain images called ‘web beacons’ (also known as ‘clear gifs’). Web beacons only collect limited information, including a cookie number, a timestamp, and a record of the page on which they are placed. Websites may also carry web beacons placed by third party advertisers. These beacons do not carry any personally identifiable information and are only used to track the effectiveness of a particular campaign (for example by counting the number of visitors).

Information collected by cookies is now classed as personal data.

What types of cookie are there and which ones do we use?


There are two  types of cookie:

  • Persistent cookies remain on a user’s device for a set period of time specified in the cookie. They are activated each time that the user visits the website that created that particular cookie.
  • Session cookies are temporary. They allow website operators to link the actions of a user during a browser session. A browser session starts when a user opens the browser window and finishes when they close the browser window. Once you close the browser, all session cookies are deleted.

Cookies also have, broadly speaking, four different functions and can be categorised as follow: ‘necessary’ cookies, ‘preferences’ cookies, ‘statistic’ cookies  ‘marketing’ or ‘advertising’ cookies and ‘unclassified’ cookies.


Necessary cookies help make a website usable by enabling basic functions like page navigation and access to secure areas of the website. The website cannot function properly without these cookies.


Preference cookies enable a website to remember information that changes the way the website behaves or looks, like your preferred language or the region that you are in.


Statistic cookies help website owners to understand how visitors interact with websites by collecting and reporting information anonymously.


Marketing cookies are used to track visitors across websites. The intention is to display ads that are relevant and engaging for the individual user and thereby more valuable for publishers and third party advertisers.


Unclassified cookies are cookies that we are in the process of classifying, together with the providers of individual cookies.